Table of Contents
What influence did Mazarin have on Louis XIV?
Cardinal Jules Mazarin was chief minister to Louis XIV, securing for the French king all the trappings of absolute monarchy. He engineered a number of French victories near the end of the Thirty Years War and also played a leading role in the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the war.
What did Richelieu do?
Richelieu’s time as chief minister is notable for many reasons. He attacked the Huguenots; reformed the navy and army; crushed any rebellions and advanced royal absolutism; he raised money by any methods required and he supervised a foreign policy that was designed to make France the greatest power in Europe.
What did Mazarin do for France?
Mazarin, as the de facto ruler of France, played a crucial role establishing the Westphalian principles that would guide European states’ foreign policy and the prevailing world order.
Who did Mazarin want Louis to marry?
Louis XIV was ultimately directed into a marriage that was a political, rather than a romantic, union by wedding the daughter of Spain’s King Philip IV, Marie-Thérèse, in 1660. The marriage between the two first cousins ensured ratification of the peace treaty that Mazarin had sought to establish with Hapsburg Spain.
Who is Richelieu and what significance with the church?
Soon after he returned to his diocese in 1608, Richelieu was heralded as a reformer. He became the first bishop in France to implement the institutional reforms prescribed by the Council of Trent between 1545 and 1563.
Who was Louis XIV true love?
The king’s first true love was Mazarin’s niece, Marie Mancini, but both the queen and the cardinal frowned upon their relationship. Louis XIV was ultimately directed into a marriage that was a political, rather than a romantic, union by wedding the daughter of Spain’s King Philip IV, Marie-Thérèse, in 1660.
What happened to the cardinal in the Three Musketeers?
Sometime before the events of Series 2, the Cardinal passes away and his funeral is attended by the King and the Musketeers. His position as First Minister was initially offered to Treville, who declined the offer. The position was later given to Comte de Rochefort, who was one of the Cardinal’s agents.
How did Richelieu try to weaken the nobles?
In 1626, he abolished the position of Constable of France and ordered all fortified castles razed, excepting only those needed to defend against invaders. Thus, he stripped the princes, dukes, and lesser aristocrats of important defenses that could have been used against the king’s armies during rebellions.
What is the meaning of Richelieu?
a man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs.