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What was the purpose of internment in Executive Order 9066?

What was the purpose of internment in Executive Order 9066?

Issued by President Franklin Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, this order authorized the evacuation of all persons deemed a threat to national security from the West Coast to relocation centers further inland. In the next 6 months, over 100,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry were moved to assembly centers.

How did the Japanese died in the internment camps?

A total of 1,862 people died from medical problems while in the internment camps. About one out of every 10 of these people died from tuberculosis.

Why was an interment order issued in 1942?

On February 19, 1942, shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 with the stated intention of preventing espionage on American shores. Military zones were created in California, Washington and Oregon—states with a large population of Japanese Americans.

What were the conditions at the internment camps?

Internees lived in uninsulated barracks furnished only with cots and coal-burning stoves. Residents used common bathroom and laundry facilities, but hot water was usually limited. The camps were surrounded by barbed-wire fences patrolled by armed guards who had instructions to shoot anyone who tried to leave.

How did the Japanese feel about the internment camps?

Many of the camp residents, especially those who were American citizens, were deeply offended by the government’s obvious suspicion that they might still be loyal to Japan. About 8,500 of these people, mainly second-generation Japanese American men, answered “no” to both questions, often in protest.

What was Executive Order 9066 and why was it important?

A girl detained in Arkansas walks to school in 1943. Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.

What is the legacy of Order 9066 and Japanese American internment?

The Legacy of Order 9066 and Japanese American Internment. On Feb. 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, setting in motion the internment of more than 120,000 Japanese American citizens.

Which group was most affected by the internment of 9066?

While 9066 also affected Italian and German Americans, the largest numbers of detainees were by far Japanese Americans.

What is the Commission on Wartime Relocation and internment?

In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation to create the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). The CWRIC was appointed to conduct an official governmental study of Executive Order 9066, related wartime orders, and their effects on Japanese Americans in the West and Alaska Natives in the Pribilof Islands .