What type of instrument is a flugelhorn?
The flugelhorn ( / ˈfluːɡəlhɔːrn / ), also spelled fluegelhorn, flugel horn, or flügelhorn, is a brass instrument that resembles the trumpet and cornet but has a wider, more conical bore. Like trumpets and cornets, most flugelhorns are pitched in B ♭ (some are in C).
What is the difference between flugelhorn and cornet?
It is usually played with a more deeply conical mouthpiece than either trumpets or cornets (though not as conical as a French horn mouthpiece). The shank of the flugelhorn mouthpiece is similar in size to a cornet mouthpiece shank, and standard tapered flugelhorns are interchangeable with cornets.
Why do Flugelhorns have a fourth valve?
This adds a useful low range that, coupled with the flugelhorn’s dark sound, extends the instrument’s abilities. Players can also use the fourth valve in place of the first and third valve combination (which is somewhat sharp).
What does a flugelhorn shank look like?
The shank of the flugelhorn mouthpiece is similar in size to a cornet mouthpiece shank. Some modern flugelhorns feature a fourth valve that lowers the pitch a perfect fourth (similar to the fourth valve on some euphoniums, tubas, and piccolo trumpets, or the trigger on trombones ).
What year was the Bach flugelhorn made?
Vincent Bach’s original flugelhorn design can be traced back to 1932 with serial number 1002. Vincent initially made flugelhorns in three configurations: soprano Eb flugelhorn, mezzo soprano Bb flugelhorn, and the contralto low Eb flugelhorn.
Do they still make flugelhorns?
These original flugelhorn designs were produced up through 1981 when they were retired in favor of the new contemporary design of the model 183 flugelhorn. Today, Vincent Bach still produces and offers the popular 183 flugelhorn model.
How many valves does a flugelhorn have?
The flugelhorn is built in the same B ♭ pitch as many trumpets and cornets. It usually has three piston valves and employs the same fingering system as other brass instruments, but four-piston valve and rotary valve variants also exist.