Table of Contents
What is the prognosis for JIA?
Outlook / Prognosis With early detection and treatment, including physical and occupational therapy, it is possible to achieve good control of the arthritis, prevent joint damage, and allow normal or near-normal function for most children who have JIA.
What is Oligoarticular JIA?
Oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (formerly called pauciarthritis or pauciarticular-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is defined as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) involving fewer than five joints. It is the most common subgroup, constituting approximately 50 percent of cases of JIA (table 1).
What is Oligoarticular?
Medical Definition of oligoarticular : affecting a few joints oligoarticular arthritis — compare monoarticular, polyarticular.
What does JIA mean in medical condition?
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a form of arthritis in children. Arthritis causes joint swelling (inflammation) and joint stiffness. JIA is arthritis that affects one or more joints for at least 6 weeks in a child age 16 or younger.
Is JIA serious?
JIA often causes only minor problems, but in some cases it can cause serious joint damage or limit growth. Although JIA mostly affects the joints and surrounding tissues, it can also affect other organs, like the eyes, liver, heart, and lungs. JIA is a chronic condition, meaning it can last for months and years.
Does JIA turn into RA?
Some JIA patients with oligoarthritis were diagnosed with RA, and others with spondyloarthritis (SpA) – a type of arthritis that attacks the spine, especially the low back. Almost all kids with enthesitis-related JIA were reclassified as having SpA.
What is non inflammatory arthritis?
Non-inflammatory arthritis is also known as osteoarthritis (OA) and occurs when the cartilage between the joints begins to break down, sometimes at rapid speeds.
What is enthesitis related arthritis?
Enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) is a disease predominantly affecting the joints and entheses of the lower extremities and has the potential to eventually affect the sacroiliac joints and spine evolving to juvenile ankylosing spondylitis.
Is JIA a disability?
The most common type of childhood arthritis is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Childhood arthritis can cause permanent physical damage to joints. This damage can make it hard for the child to do everyday things like walking or dressing and can result in disability.
Is JIA permanent?
JIA is a chronic condition, meaning it can last for months and years. Sometimes the symptoms just go away with treatment, which is known as remission. Remission may last for months, years, or a person’s lifetime. In fact, many teens with JIA eventually enter full remission with little or no permanent joint damage.
Is JIA painful?
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for many years.
How do you treat non inflammatory arthritis?
Common treatments include physical and occupational therapy, pain relievers (such as acetaminophen), antiinflammatory medications (such as ibuprofen), and medications that suppress the immune system (such as prednisone or methotrexate). Antibiotic treatment is standard for bacterial joint infections.
Is inflammatory arthritis a disability?
The Social Security Administration has listed inflammatory arthritis as a disabling condition that can cause a person to qualify for SSDI benefits.
Is enthesitis curable?
There’s no specific treatment for enthesopathy, but there are treatments for the diseases that lead to it. Usually they’re a mix of exercise, rest, and medication.
Does enthesitis go away?
Enthesitis is at the root of some common orthopedic problems brought on by overuse, such as tennis elbow. “However, a person without PsA can apply ice and the enthesitis goes away over time,” says rheumatologist Samantha Shapiro, MD, of UT (University of Texas) Health, Austin.
How serious is JIA?
Is JIA a rare disease?
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a rare disease that is not widely known by paediatricians and general practitioner (GP) leading to diagnostic error and delayed care provision. We aimed to analyse patient’s journey and time to diagnosis of JIA (delay from the first symptom to the diagnosis of JIA).
What is oligoarticular juvenile arthritis (JIA)?
Oligoarticular juvenile arthritis — also known as oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or oligoarthritis — is the most common form of this disease, affecting approximately two-thirds of all patients, especially girls.
What is the prognosis of oligoarticular joint insufficiency (Jia)?
About 40% of patients with oligoarticular JIA will go on to develop arthritis in more than four joints over the course of the next few months to years. This is sometimes called extended oligoarticular JIA. Oligoarticular JIA usually occurs with young girls (1-5 years old) or in boys in late school age or adolescence.
What is the treatment for extended oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
The treatment of extended oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis is much like that of rheumatoid factor positive or rheumatoid factor negative polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The similarity in treatment is due to the polyarticular involvement.
Is there a predilection for oligoarticular JIA?
The knee was the most commonly affected joint, followed by the ankle and the wrist. A similar pattern of joint involvement was reported in a series of patients with oligoarticular JIA in India.19However, there are no reports as to whether there is a predilection for the right or left joint.