What is the index value in HIV test?
Answers (2) The “index value” (also called the “signal-to-cutoff ratio”) is a technical term having to do with how this type of HIV-antibody test is conducted. Values less than 0.90, like yours, are definitively negative! Values between 0.9 and 1.0 would be equivocal or borderline.
What is the full abbreviation of HIV?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
What is the abbreviation for HIV test?
ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay): a screening test used to detect infection with HIV. If positive, the ELISA test is usually repeated.
What are the symptoms of low CD4 count?
Symptoms may include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, weight loss, night sweats and fatigue. It is most likely to occur when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
How many CD4 should a normal person have?
CD4 cell count is a laboratory test that measures the number of CD4 T-cells. The normal range is between 500 to 1500 cells/mm^3. Clinicians use this test to monitor the destruction of CD4 cells, and it also monitors the effectiveness of the antiretroviral treatment (ART).
What is the normal viral load?
A lower HIV viral load is below 10,000 copies. The virus probably isn’t actively reproducing as fast, and damage to your immune system may be slowed, but this is not optimal. A viral load that can’t be detected — less than 20 copies — is always the goal of HIV treatment.
What is HIV (HIV)?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Learning the basics about HIV can keep you healthy and prevent HIV transmission .
Does being HIV-positive mean I Have AIDS?
No. Being HIV-positive does not mean you have AIDS. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV disease. HIV can lead to AIDS if a person does not get treatment or take care of their health. But if a person with HIV takes their HIV medicine as prescribed, they may stay healthy for many years, and may never be diagnosed with AIDS.
What is the difference between AIDS and HIV-1?
AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. This condition results in serious damage to the immune system and is the most advanced stage of HIV. HIV-1 is the retrovirus that causes most HIV cases worldwide. Closely related to HIV-1, this retrovirus causes HIV as well but is mostly found in West Africa.
What is an ISP (ISP)?
ISP is an acronym that stands for Internet Service Provider. An Internet Service Provider is a company that provides Internet access to organizations and home users. What exactly do ISPs do?