Table of Contents

## What is the best way to replace missing values in SPSS?

Enter variable names to override the default new variable names. Change the estimation method for a selected variable….

- From the menus choose: Transform > Replace Missing Values…
- Select the estimation method you want to use to replace missing values.
- Select the variable(s) for which you want to replace missing values.

### How do you find the missing data pattern?

This feature requires the Missing Values option.

- From the menus choose: Analyze > Missing Value Analysis…
- In the main Missing Value Analysis dialog box, select the variable(s) for which you want to display missing value patterns.
- Click Patterns.
- Select the pattern table(s) that you want to display.

#### How does EM algorithm work?

It works by choosing random values for the missing data points, and using those guesses to estimate a second set of data. The new values are used to create a better guess for the first set, and the process continues until the algorithm converges on a fixed point.

**What is stochastic imputation?**

In stochastic regression imputation, the noise is simulated by drawing random values from the residuals of the estimated regression model for each missing value and subsequently add them to the predicted missing value.

**What does missing analysis mean in SPSS?**

In SPSS, “missing values” may refer to 2 things: System missing values are values that are completely absent from the data. They are shown as periods in data view. User missing values are values that are invisible while analyzing or editing data. The SPSS user specifies which values -if any- must be excluded.

## What is useful strategy to use when you are missing data?

Multiple imputation is another useful strategy for handling the missing data. In a multiple imputation, instead of substituting a single value for each missing data, the missing values are replaced with a set of plausible values which contain the natural variability and uncertainty of the right values.

### How do you analyze missing data?

Listwise or case deletion By far the most common approach to the missing data is to simply omit those cases with the missing data and analyze the remaining data. This approach is known as the complete case (or available case) analysis or listwise deletion.

#### How do you deal with missing data in statistics?

Best techniques to handle missing data

- Use deletion methods to eliminate missing data. The deletion methods only work for certain datasets where participants have missing fields.
- Use regression analysis to systematically eliminate data.
- Data scientists can use data imputation techniques.

**Is regression stochastic or deterministic?**

Regression imputation is classified into two different versions: deterministic and stochastic regression imputation. Deterministic regression imputation replaces missing values with the exact prediction of the regression model. Random variation (i.e. an error term) around the regression slope is not considered.

**What are missing values in SPSS?**

In SPSS, “missing values” may refer to 2 things: System missing values are values that are completely absent from the data. They are shown as periods in data view. User missing values are values that are invisible while analyzing or editing data. The SPSS user specifies which values -if any- must be excluded.

## How many cases does SPSS run each analysis on?

Well, in most situations, SPSS runs each analysis on all cases it can use for it. Right, now our data contain 464 cases. However, most analyses can’t use all 464 because some may drop out due to missing values. Which cases drop out depends on which analysis we run on which variables.

### What are user missing values for categorical variables?

for categorical variables, answers such as “don’t know” or “no answer” are typically excluded from analysis. For metric variables, unlikely values -a reaction time of 50ms or a monthly salary of € 9,999,999- are usually set as user missing. For bank.sav, no user missing values have been set yet, as can be seen in variable view.

#### What is the number of missing values variable?

This variable holds the number of missing values over a set of variables that we’d like to analyze together. In the example below, that’ll be q1 to q9.