What is the life cycle of Plasmodium malaria?
Life Cycle of Plasmodium: Plasmodium parasites have a complex life cycle that includes three stages namely Gametocytes, Sporozoites and Merozoites. The male gametocytes called microgametocytes and female gametocytes called macrogametocytes are transmitted through an anopheles mosquito during a blood meal.
What is Plasmodium and its life cycle?
Life cycle of Plasmodium* (1) Plasmodium-infected Anopheles mosquito bites a human and transmits sporozoites into the bloodstream. (2) Sporozoites migrate through the blood to the liver where they invade hepatocytes and divide to form multinucleated schizonts (pre-erythrocytic stage).
Is malaria viral or bacterial?
A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.
Where does Plasmodium live?
Plasmodium, a genus of parasitic protozoans of the sporozoan subclass Coccidia that are the causative organisms of malaria. Plasmodium, which infects red blood cells in mammals (including humans), birds, and reptiles, occurs worldwide, especially in tropical and temperate zones.
Where is Plasmodium found in the body?
Plasmodium belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa, a taxonomic group of single-celled parasites with characteristic secretory organelles at one end of the cell. Within Apicomplexa, Plasmodium is within the order Haemosporida, a group that includes all apicomplexans that live within blood cells.
Is Plasmodium a bacteria or virus?
Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic infection which is transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor bacteria. It is a single cell parasite which multiplies in the RBC of human and mosquito intestine.
How Plasmodium gets into the blood of man?
Malaria infection begins when an infected female Anopheles mosquito bites a person, injecting Plasmodium parasites, in the form of sporozoites, into the bloodstream. The sporozoites pass quickly into the human liver.
Who first discovered malaria?
Dr. Alphonse Laveran, a military doctor in France’s Service de Santé des Armées (Health Service of the Armed Forces). The military hospital in Constantine (Algeria), where Laveran discovered the malaria parasite in 1880.