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Did second generation computers use transistors?

Did second generation computers use transistors?

A second-generation computer, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory. These machines remained the mainstream design into the late 1960s, when integrated circuits started appearing and led to the third-generation computer.

Is it true or false that one vacuum tube replaced the equivalent of 40 transistors?

Answer: False, no vaccum tube replaced the equivalent of 40 transistors.

Which of these was introduced in second generation of computer?

During the late 1950s and 1960s, the interest in computer technology got fast, and the next generation of the computer, second, was introduced that replace vacuum tubes and used transistors.

What replaced transistors in computers?

Integrated Circuits
Integrated Circuits: The Next Generation The third generation of modern computers is known for using integrated circuits instead of individual transistors.

How did transistors replace vacuum tubes?

The solid-state age had begun, pushing the electronics industry toward modern digital computers and communications. Transistors ran cooler and demanded far less power than the vacuum tubes they would begin replacing, producing smaller, faster, and more powerful electronics.

Which generation of computer make use of transistor?

Second generation
Second generation (1956 – 1963) The second generation of computers saw the use of transistors instead of vacuum tubes. Transistors were widely used in computers from 1956 to 1963.

What was used in second generation?

In this generation, transistors were used that were cheaper, consumed less power, more compact in size, more reliable and faster than the first generation machines made of vacuum tubes. In this generation, magnetic cores were used as the primary memory and magnetic tape and magnetic disks as secondary storage devices.

What are the features of second generation computer?

Second Generation of Computers

  • Main electronic component – transistor.
  • Memory – magnetic core and magnetic tape / disk.
  • Programming language – assembly language.
  • Power and size – low power consumption, generated less heat, and smaller in size (in comparison with the first generation computers).

What are computer transistors?

In the digital world, a transistor is a binary switch and the fundamental building block of computer circuitry. Like a light switch on the wall, the transistor either prevents or allows current to flow through. A single modern CPU can have hundreds of millions or even billions of transistors.

What are transistors in computer?

What is a transistor Class 12?

Hint: Transistor is a three terminal semiconductor device. It is a basic component of integrated circuits (ICs) and it is widely used in electronics circuits for different operations. It controls the flow of current passing through it.

What replaced transistors?

What replaced the use of transistors in the third generation computers?

This Integrated Circuit replaced the use of transistors in the third generation of computers. Integrated Circuits itself consists of many transistors, capacitors, and resistors and due to this third-generation computers are smaller in size, efficient, and more reliable.

What made the second generation of computers better than the first?

The transistors helped to develop a better computer than the first generation computers consisting of vacuum tubes. Some second generation of computers are IBM 1920, IBM 7094, CDC 1604, CDC 3600, IBM 1401, etc.

What is the third generation of computers?

Third Generation of Computers (1964 – 1971): Jack Kilby invented the Integrated Circuit. This Integrated Circuit replaced the use of transistors in the third generation of computers.

What replaced the vacuum tube in a computer?

From 1955 onwards transistors replaced vacuum tubes in computer designs, giving rise to the “second generation” of computers. Initially the only devices available were germanium point-contact transistors, which although less reliable than the vacuum tubes they replaced had the advantage of consuming far less power. [85]