What is the difference between the crystal structure of a graphite and diamond?
For example, Graphite and diamond are two different allotropes of carbon….Explain the difference in properties of diamond and graphite on the basis of their structures.
|1) It has a crystalline structure.||1) It has a layered structure.|
|2) It is made up of tetrahedral units.||2) It has a planar geometry.|
Why do diamond and graphite have different structure?
The way the carbon atoms are arranged in space, however, is different for the three materials, making them allotropes of carbon. The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures.
How are the structures of diamond and graphite similar?
Diamond and graphite are different forms of the element carbon. They both have giant structures of carbon atoms , joined together by covalent bonds .
What are 3 differences between diamond and graphite?
(a) Write two points of difference in the structures of diamond and graphite….
|Diamond is the hardest naturally occurring substance.||The graphite is soft and has a greasy touch.|
|Diamond is used in jewelry making, construction and surgery.||Graphite is used in stationary and lubricants.|
Why properties of graphite and diamond are different?
1. Diamonds are formed due to covalent bonds which forms a strong three- dimensional network whereas graphite are formed due Van der Waal force which is weak. Thus, Graphite are formed of flat carbon atoms layers one upon other. These carbon atoms layers slip over each giving graphite a soft nature.
Which statement is true comparison of diamond and graphite?
So, the correct answer is “Option (C) Graphite and diamond both have giant structures.” Note: Always remember that both diamond and graphite are allotropic forms of carbon. Graphite is thermodynamically the most stable form of carbon while diamond is the kinetically most stable form of carbon.
What are two differences between diamond and graphite?
Clearly the properties of diamond and graphite are very different. Diamond is one of the hardest materials known, is transparent to light, and does not conduct electricity at all. Graphite is soft, gray, and can conduct electricity reasonably well.
What are the similarities and differences between diamond and graphite?
Diamond has a tetrahedral structure and is the hardest material known to man. There are strong covalent bonds between carbon atoms and each carbon atom is bonded to 4 other carbon atoms. Graphite has a hexagonal layered structure and each carbon is bonded via strong covalent bonds to 3 other carbon atoms.
What are the main two difference between graphite and diamond?
Although there are many differences between these two substances, the main difference between diamond and graphite is that diamond is made out of sp3 hybridized carbon atoms whereas graphite is made out of sp2 hybridized carbon atoms.
What are the similarities between Diamond and graphite?
What are the similarities between graphite and diamond? Diamond and graphite are both allotropes of carbon. This means they are both made up of carbon atoms arranged differently and exist in the same physical state. They both have a giant covalent structure. Diamond has a tetrahedral structure and is the hardest material known to man.
What are the structures of Diamond and graphite?
Diamond: each carbon atom bonds to 4 other carbon atoms, WHILST, Graphite: each carbon atom bonds to 3 other carbon atoms. Thus, diamond bears more of a tetrahedral structure, whereas graphite takes the form of layers. The presence of layers means that atoms can slide over each other easily.
Is graphite stronger than diamond?
We know that both diamond and graphite are made of carbon. However, diamond is harder than graphite because of the carbon atoms in a diamond form 4 covalent bonds in the form of tetrahedral structure. This is the reason why diamond is harder than graphite.
What are the uses of Diamond and graphite?
Diamond is considered to be the hardest non-metal present on earth and is used to cut metals and glass. Diamond-tipped tools are used to cut or drill various objects. Diamonds are also used to heat the sinks that are used to conduct the heat apart from the sensitive parts of the microelectronics. Uses of Graphite: