In what year were the colonies in Australia united into a Federation of states?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as Federation.
Why did the Australian colonies decide to federate?
Federation was a remarkable political achievement. Colonies had jostled to protect their interests. New South Wales had competed with Victoria for influence, and the smaller colonies had feared their interests would be ignored by the larger colonies.
What were the Federation arguments?
Some of the areas where people felt strongly for or against Federation were: The capacity of a strong national government to manage issues such as trade, the economy, defence and immigration. The cost of setting up and running an Australian Parliament.
What did the colonies of Australia become after Federation?
On 1 January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia united and became the states of Australia, known as the Commonwealth of Australia.
Which was the last colony to join the Federation?
Western Australia was the last colony to decide whether or not it would accept Federation. The other colonies each held special votes or referendums in 1898 and 1899 – and in all of them the majority of voters said ‘yes’ to the Constitution Bill, accepting the new Australian Constitution.
What were the benefits of Australian Federation?
PROS OF AUSTRALIAN FEDERATION
- The trade between states will be free of charge.
- Transportation would be free from state to state.
- National combined military defense unit will be much stronger than each state having their own defense unit.
- Laws would be more enforced in every state.
Why did Wa not want Federation?
There were a number of reasons for Western Australia’s leaders to be uncertain about Federation. The discovery of gold in the early 1890s led to rapid growth in the colony’s population and wealth. Farming, the timber industry and shipping were also strong. This provided money to support its development.
What is Parkes famous for?
Named after the father of Australian federation, the town of Parkes was once best known for its radio telescope that helped broadcast the moon landing. Today, this beautiful heritage town in Country NSW, famous for the hordes of Elvis fans who make an annual pilgrimage to honour the King.
What were the benefits of Australian federation?
Which was the last colony to join the federation?
Why was Australia named New Holland?
They called it “Terra Australis Incognita”, meaning “Unknown South Land”. When Dutch navigators discovered this new continent in the 1600s, they named it New Holland, after the region they were from in the Netherlands. English explorer, Matthew Flinders, renamed it Australia in his map in 1804.
What was the last colony to join Federation?
What is meant by the Federation of Australia?
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. The colonies of Fiji and New Zealand were
Should the colonies of Australia federate?
Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of New South Wales, urges the colonies to federate. The Australasian Federation Conference recommends a national convention be held to draft a constitution for a Commonwealth of Australia.
What were the original colonies of Australia called?
On 1 January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia united and became the states of Australia, known as the Commonwealth of Australia. In 1901 the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT) did not exist.
Which two countries were not part of the Australian Federation?
Fiji and New Zealand were originally part of this process, but they decided not to join the federation. Following federation, the six colonies that united to form the Commonwealth of Australia as states kept the systems of government (and the bicameral legislatures) that they had developed as separate colonies,…